A while ago I started writing about urban agriculture, or gardening if you wish.
In this, the second instalment in the series I am going to talk about some things you will need to consider before you embark yourself in this adventure of growing your own food.
The first thing you will need is a sense of perspective. Stop and think about the reasons you want to start a garden. Below you will find some questions to ask yourself.
Because growing your own food is cheaper.
If this is your main reason, you might be well-served to rethink your stance. Nothing in life is free. Of course, you can invest as much as you want in your garden. You don't need to buy pots, for example, you can find reused containers, you can even make your own self-watering container. You can get some seeds for free, if you don't want to buy them at first (just take them from vegetables that you consumed).
But some things cost money. If you are starting a potted garden you will need potting mix. Soil is not good enough. I will go on details on future posts. Luckily the products that you will definitely need to buy are not too expensive.
The good news is that, once you've made the initial investment, there will be few expenses later on.
To eat fresh, safe, organic food.
This is, in my opinion, the best reason to do this. While we can buy organic food, nothing beats homegrown for freshness. I pick my salad a few minutes before is time to serve it. My herbs go from the pot to the cooking pot in seconds. Vegetables start losing nutrients as soon as they are harvested, by eating fresh vegetables you ensure that you consume them at their peak.
You have kids and want to teach them to eat right.
Nothing convinces kids to eat their vegetables faster than having a hand in growing them. Food growing is a source of education and entertainment for the little ones. Even little kids can take care of a plants' basic need. I suggest you get them involved in each part of the process, from choosing the vegetables to harvesting them.
I can attest to the benefits of this on my own child.
Before you start growing anything you need to assess your needs, how much you can invest in this, and also what you can physically grow.
Answer these questions:
How is the climate where you live?
There are limitations to what you can grow in a tropical, humid climate, or in a dry cold one or a dry dessert one. I will go into details in a future post.
How much sun do you have?
An urban garden comes with limitations that an open garden does not have, one of them is the availability of sunlight. This will also help you decide which plants can live in your garden, but even if you have limited sunlight hours there will be some vegetables you can grow.
How much space do you have?
Some plants need a lot of space, some are very tall, some need a lot of water. But even in very limited space you are likely to find a windowsill where you can grow a few veggies.
How much time can you dedicate to your garden?
Luckily a garden does not take that much time, and with this you also have flexibility. If you don't have the time for everyday watering a self-watering container is the answer to your problems. An hour in the weekends might be a must for maintenance.
What do you like to eat?
If you are starting a vegetable garden is obvious to me that you love your veggies, but if you hate spinach there is no sense in growing them now matter how easy and low-maintenance they are.
How much can you afford to spend?
If you want to grow plants with big needs (like plants that require big pots), then you will need to spend more on big pots and more potting soil.
In the next post I will be writing about basic needs like pots, potting soil and plant food, and where you can acquire them, before you go on choosing the best vegetables for your needs.
I hope you keep tuned in and join me in this adventure.